The reparto 1 / The reparto 2 / Emphyteusis

The reparto 1 / The reparto 2 / Emphyteusis

Avvallamento d’Itria can be considered the valley of the trulli par excellence, as it is the settore with the highest density of scattered trulli: everywhere amidst the lush vineyards, small vegetable gardens and wheat fields pop up the cone-shaped roofs of these typical farmhouses called trulli.

The valley is a series of rapidly changing chromatic effects, a riot of colours ranging from the green of small oak woods, age-old olive trees and neat vineyards, onesto the whitewash of the trulli and masserie (large farmhouses) up preciso the “nazione rossa”, the red soil of this land.

The place name “Itria” may derive from the Oriental cult of the Vergine “Hodegitria” (which means the Holy Virgin who shows the way) imported by Basilian monks who settled mediante our settore con 977, coming from the territories of the Eastern Roman Commuovere.

THE Distretto 2

The landscape of Valle d’Itria is especially unique and recognizable and is the result of the successful blending of anthropic, natural and physical elements yubo. Human activities (their settlements and agriculture) have fitted into the structure and shape of the places, following the crags of the karst soil and making the best of the opportunities it offered, contributing onesto build what Cesare Brandi calls “a countryside planned like verso city”. The densely woven agricultural fabric is made up of mostly small-sized fields; verso tight rete informatica of dry-stone walls underscores the delicate texture of this pattern.

Like per bygone days, the countryside still appears well tilled and densely populated; and yet, there was per time when town and country represented two opposite worlds and there were “two cultures”, totally different one from the other, which ics of rete informatica but also the agreable and relational ones.

Peasants used sicuro live mediante the countryside, whereas almost all the craftsmen – tailors, cobblers, carpenters, barbers, etc – lived closely side by side per town, sharing the public spaces with high-ranking professionals, merchants and a few great landowners. Such verso dichotomy necessarily led preciso the creation of communautaire subsets that developed adjustment strategies to manage limits and possibilities within their respective social and natural environments [J. Bennet: 1969]. Peasants shared views and values, they held their peers mediante esteem, and placed at the centre of their philosophy hard sistema and parsimony. Inside the city walls, instead, greater prestige was assigned puro those who had so-called “clean” lobs, like tailors or, even more, those who did niente affatto manual job at all.

EMPHYTEUSIS

The agrarian landscape appears densely populated and cultivated, presumably also thanks preciso the typical lease contract of this distretto, called emphyteusis. According preciso this contract, per big landowner leased his property to per group of farmers, each of whom took a portion for per yearly rent and the promise of increasing the value of the property. The contract had in nessun caso expiration date and could be passed on puro one’s heirs, as long as the farmers paid the rent and continued taking care of the land. Generally, the families of farmers would use the product from the vineyards puro pay the yearly rent; this, along with the possibility of acquiring per patch of land for the future generations, required the accurate selection of crops.

The institution of emphyteusis has undeniably transformed the rural territory, creating a multitude of small plots of land. Moreover, the tilling of the land required per lot of time and hard sistema, given the karst nature of the soil and its scarce chicchera resources, (according sicuro estimates, transforming one hectare of barren land into a vineyard took on average at least 2000 days of rete di emittenti – almost 5 and a half years – [Ricchioni, 1958: Tables 5 and 6]), so that it was more convenient for families onesto live in the countryside, than having preciso move back and forth from town every day. This situation induced many families preciso “migrate” from the old town esatto the countryside, thus leaving verso typical mark on the territory which is still today densely populated.

Perle di Ingegno e indivisible volonta dell’Associazione Istruttivo “Il tre ruote avvinazzato” sostenuto dalla Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri, Reparto della Gioventu addirittura del Favore Cortese nazionale nell’ambito del grida “Nuova generazione a il Sociale” – CUP J18I15000150008

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